Background of Department

  • By resolution UN/GA/57 (I) of 11 December 1946, the United Nations General Assembly established the United Nations International Children's Fund Emergency Fund (UNICEF), following the decision of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) on termination of its activities in August 1946 to apply its residual assets to a fund to provide relief for the suffering children in war-devastated Europe. By resolution 417 (V) of 1 December 1950, the General Assembly decided to shift the main emphasis of the Fund toward programmes of long-range benefit to children of the developing countries. By resolution 802 (VIII) of 6 October 1953, it unanimously voted to continue the Fund for an indefinite period. The official name was shortened to United Nations Children’s Fund but the well-known acronym UNICEF

Mandate and Object of Department

  • UNICEF is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to advocate for the protection of children's rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential
  • UNICEF is guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child and strives to establish children's rights as enduring ethical principles and international standards of behaviour towards children
  • UNICEF insists that the survival, protection and development of children are universal development imperatives that are integral to human progress
  • UNICEF mobilizes political will and material resources to help countries, particularly developing countries, ensure a "first call for children" and to build their capacity to form appropriate policies and deliver services for children and their families
  • UNICEF is committed to ensuring special protection for the most disadvantaged children - victims of war, disasters, extreme poverty, all forms of violence and exploitation and those with disabilities
  • UNICEF responds in emergencies to protect the rights of children. In coordination with United Nations partners and humanitarian agencies, UNICEF makes its unique facilities for rapid response available to its partners to relieve the suffering of children and those who provide their care
  • UNICEF is non-partisan and its cooperation is free of discrimination. In everything it does, the most disadvantaged children and the countries in greatest need have priority
  • UNICEF aims, through its country programmes, to promote the equal rights of women and girls and to support their full participation in the political, social, and economic development of their communities
  • UNICEF works with all its partners towards the attainment of the sustainable human development goals adopted by the world community and the realization of the vision of peace and social progress enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations

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